There are 32 teeth in a permanent set of teeth, including canines, incisors, premolars, and molars. Wisdom teeth erupt behind the 12-year-molars about five to nine years later. People usually get their wisdom teeth removed between 16 and 20 years of age because they don’t have much space to grow incorrectly. The teeth could grow in at many angles, even horizontally, because the jaw isn’t huge enough for them to erupt naturally.
Wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical treatment to extract one or more wisdom teeth: the four permanent adult teeth situated at the back corners of the mouth. If a wisdom tooth doesn’t have enough room to grow, resulting in pain, infection, or other dental issues, one will need to have it pulled. A dentist or an oral surgeon might conduct wisdom teeth removal.
Third molars, or wisdom teeth, are the last permanent teeth to erupt in the mouth. These teeth mostly appear between the age of 17 and 25. Some people never develop wisdom teeth. For others, wisdom teeth erupt normally just as their other molars did and create no issues. Many people develop impacted wisdom teeth which are the teeth that don’t have enough room to appear into the mouth or develop normally. Impacted wisdom teeth might erupt only partially or not at all. An impacted wisdom tooth can:
– Grow at an angle toward the next tooth or second molar
– Grow at a particular angle toward the back of the mouth
– Grow straight down or up like other teeth but remain trapped within the jawbone
– Grow at a ninety-degree angle to the other teeth within the jawbone
When anyone has to remove their wisdom teeth for one reason or other, one can consult a cosmetic/family dentist, periodontist, or an oral surgeon. While many of these professionals would possess the required training to remove the teeth easily, an oral surgeon has definite training in the field of surgery. This involves wisdom tooth extraction, which they compete 4-year hospital-based training after finishing their dentistry degree.
The dentist in Rockford would mainly follow these steps for removal of the wisdom tooth:
A local anesthetic or lidocaine is administered to the patient, which numbs the surgical area. It can be used by itself or in combination with nitrous oxide or the laughing gas, an oral premedication, or I.V. sedation. The surgery does not begin until it is an incomplete effect. Patients will not feel any kind of pain during the procedure.
During the surgical extraction, the dentist cuts the gingiva or the gums surrounding each tooth with a scalpel. The gums are peeled back from the underlying bone using surgical materials. The dental nurse draws the soft tissues back and uses high-speed suction to keep the area dry and clean.
The dentist extracts the complete tooth, root pieces, and excess bone. Once this step is finished, the socket is examined for any remaining fragments that need to be extracted. The full procedure takes 30 minutes or less.
Once the extraction is over, the gum tissue might be sutured back into place to cover the underlying bone and support healing. Not all surgeons use stitches.
One will bite on gauze or a bite pack directly after the procedure to make sure the sockets are isolated and help stop any bleeding. Pain medications, antibiotics, and anti-inflammatory medications will be prescribed to avoid infection and manage postoperative pain.